Vaginal Tumors in Dogs: What Has to Be Done?


Reproductive system diseases in dogs often take an asymptomatic course and can exist completely unnoticed for a long period of time or with minimal manifestations, and therefore are often quite difficult to treat. Fortunately, some symptoms can be diagnosed in a timely manner if the owner is attentive enough.

For example, with regular home inspections, it can be noted that the dog has a hard lump on its vulva and the neoplasm is gradually growing. The phenomenon may be temporary and disappear completely after estrus, but there is also the possibility of protracted diseases, including tumors.

Specific Aspects of the Diacrisis

The vulva is a conspicuous part of the dog’s vagina. Depending on the cycle period, it can grow in size, darken and swell slightly. All this is quite normal. Sterilized females do not have this problem, which is another argument for the lump on dog’s vulva causestimely performance of this operation. When the dog is in estrus scanty discharge can also ooze from its vulva. But it should have neither a strong smell, nor a bright bloody color.

In order to conduct an independent inspection of a dog when suspecting a problem in the genital area, you need to choose a time when the pet is calm and feels safe. While soothingly talking to the animal, when it lies on its back or side, you can gently probe the area around the vulva. In the presence of secretions, you first need to pat them dry with a napkin, otherwise they will interfere with the inspection. Hands must be sanitized before and after the ‘assessment procedure’.

Normally, the skin on dog’s vulva is not inflamed, it is not hot to the touch and there are no bumps on it. The surface, of course, will not be absolutely flat as there are natural folds on it and it can also be a little coarse. However, there should be no bumps, lumps, scaly skin or erosion. If there is indeed a lump on dog’s vulva, this may still be a temporary problem that will disappear on its own, or it can be a real tumor that requires surgery.

Are Bumps on Dog’s Vulva Dangerous?

The risk that a detected lump is a dangerous neoplasm is quite high, but not exactly one hundred percent. The coarsening of the epidermis, inflamed eczema, erosions, muscle problems, bruises, insect bites – all this also causes soft lump on dog’s vulvaappearance of a growth on vulva. They can not only be palpable, but also visible. Often the areas are reddened, sore, cause discomfort to the dog. It constantly licks the sore spot and shows other signs of restlessness and anxiety.

One or two days of observation are permissible if a dry, not inflamed and small-sized lump is found near the dog’s vulva. Many owners note that such neoplasms may appear during estrus and quickly go away without special treatment. In such cases, veterinarians most often recommend sterilization at the earliest possible stage. In general, animals that do not have so-called ‘empty seasons’ are healthier and less likely to suffer from urinary system diseases.

Oozing, bleeding, purulent lumps in the vulva area should not be treated at home. It is permissible to treat them with a soft disinfectant and put a collar on the dog so that it does not lick the sore spot. The veterinarian will take smears and scrapes to determine the source of the infection that has caused an abscess. The cause is more or less clear in hard lump on dog’s vulvacases of visible injuries as a result of a blow or a fight with another animal. Improper treatment can cause tissue infection and, as a result, sepsis.

Tumor on the vulva in a dog is not a sentence to an oncological disease. It can turn out benign and be easily removed by surgery. In this case, it is important to react quickly and, if a growing lump has been observed, do not delay the visit to a veterinarian and do a cytological test. The examination may show the presence of cancer, but its treatment is quite effective in dogs if  started in a timely manner. Diseases with manifestations in form of cysts and polyps on the genitals are also possible. This be the case, required surgery is a more complicated and dangerous one.

When a dog has a hard lump on its vulva during periods of estrus, it is more likely to be a temporary problem, which is explained by hormonal changes in the animal’s body, and can be solved by timely sterilization. A growing bump on the dog’s vulva, especially a hard and slightly mobile to the touch, can speak of a subcutaneous neoplasm that a veterinarian should timely examine. Oozing, slightly swollen lumps occur due to insect bites, wounds and bruises. Ideally, they dissolve themselves, but since the damaged area is very sensitive, it is better to check with the doctor if any additional measures should be taken.

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