Black spots on a dog’s chin are not usually much discussed as such problem is more characteristic of felines. However, sometimes it can be seen in dogs too. The causes are actually similar for both, but it is still important to determine when there are reasons for worry and when there are none.
Note!The fact is that it may not be at just spots of harmless dirt, which may appear when it is difficult for the dog to clean its chin. There is also possibility of infection, disturbance of internal metabolic processes or nothing but dermatosis.
How to Distinguish Dirt from Real Skin Problems?
Every dog is a born explorer; it has a natural desire to stick its nose literally everywhere. Therefore, it is never a great surprising when the pet comes home with a dirty muzzle, and even while at home it can manage to find some dust and cobwebs. You can easily see if the black spots are nothing but dirt. Here are some indications:
- Dirt is not uniform in color.
- The spots are made of darkish lumps of different sizes.
- The spots can be easily washed away, leaving no red irritated areas underneath.
Just soak the dry dirt and remove it with a napkin. If the dog has black spots on its chin but the pet shows no signs of discomfort, there is nothing to worry about. But when even after the dirt was removed, the area looks inflamed and the animal tries to scratch itself, a chemical burn, allergic reaction or injury can be suspected. It is clear that we are talking about some allergy-causing agent, and the problem should be treated accordingly. Sometimes the dark sensitive area means that the dog has hit its chin on something dirty and there is bruise. If overly sensitive to palpation, visit the veterinary to determine whether the jaw was seriously injured. In all other cases, the black spots on the skin and coat of the dog’s chin indicate a dermatological condition. In particular, it can be acne that occurs in the setting of allergies, stress, metabolic disorders, malnutrition.
- black spots cannot be removed by a wet rug;
- the animal is constantly scratching its chin;
- the coat may be shedding at the site of injury;
- rashes may appear above the area, for example, on the lips.
Both fungus and banal flea infestations are also likely causes. If the latter is the case you can comb the parasite excrement out of the coat onto a white sheet of paper. The fungus or lichen contagion cannot be determined independently, therefore do not hesitate to visit a veterinary dermatologist who will perform necessary tests. The treatment of a fungal infection can be long and difficult, especially on the chin due to the closeness of the mouth and as it is an easily of approach for the pet to scratch.
Usually black spots on the dog’s chin can be cured at home. The first aid treatment includes diet and neat rubbing with disinfectants. Chlorhexidine is also recommended as it does not have an unpleasant smell, it cannot burn the pet’s skin, but you need to make sure that it does not get into the animal’s mouth. The taste is too strong and will be memorized by the animal. Treatment for parasites should be performed regularly, but if one session was missed or the presence of fleas can be clearly identified, you can use the following remedy as an emergency (for example, Advantix showы good results). If plastic dishes are used for feeding, try switching to metal, glass or ceramic materials.
Remember!Before administering further treatment, visit the vet. Otherwise, if the reason is fungi, the dog can speedily and easily worsen to a stage when it cannot be cured anymore. The veterinarian will examine the animal and prescribe the most effective and simple treatment to be administered domestically as there is no need to keep the pet in the hospital.
Acne can easily degenerate into furunculosis, which is dangerous due to the possibility of infection spreading into the bloodstream and mucous membranes. The fact of an open wound on a dog’s chin is dangerous by itself. The dog cannot lick this area, but it will still be able to scratch it and thus infect an open wound. Therefore, even if the problem is only slightly manifested by a couple of black dots, you still have better apply at least disinfecting wipes and follow the hygiene instructions after the feeding and when coming home.
You can determine yourself whether the black spots on the dog’s chin is a disease or not. But to set the diagnosis in more serious cases you need an advice from the veterinarian. It should be remembered that this area cannot be licked by the animal and needs special cleaning. If it gets very dirty during feeding, clean the pet’s chin with a damp cloth after the meal. If there are scratches, even small ones, do not forget to disinfect them keep a close eye on them so that you will not miss appearance of inflammation.