There may be various causes for the discharge of blood in the dog’s mouth. Different causes of suggest different ways to eliminate the problem. To determine the cause of the condition conduct a simple checkup of the dog’s mouth.
How it should be done? First inspect the outer surface of the teeth and gums. For this purpose, hold the dog’s face with one hand from below (as if you take the muzzle in your palm), without clenching it too hard. And with your other hand carefully lift the dog’s lips exposing teeth and gums. The inner surface of the mouth can only be examined by forcing apart the dog’s jaws. Without removing the hand that supports the face from below, with the other hand, gently grip the dog’s upper jaw and open the mouth. It is crucial to do these manipulations near a reliable source of light, otherwise you miss important symptoms.
ReadMe!Be very careful upon examining the dog in this manner. Even the most docile and quiet of pets can become alarmed inn the process and squeeze its jaws hard enough, causing its owner injuries and pain.
Therefore, first of all calm the pet down, talk to it, pet it, and speak in a soothing tone. Be sure to continue your reassuring strategy during the inspection itself. This can be done with the hand that holds the face below.
The Most Common Causes of Bleeding Gums in Dogs
- Mechanical damage. Blood from dog’s gums most often is a result of a mechanical damage. Not only the gums but also palate or tongue can be injured when chewing bones, sticks, and other hard objects. This be the case, upon examination you may notice a cut or other injury to the tissues of the mouth from which blood would be oozing. There is no cause for real concern in this case. In most cases the wound is small and heals without special treatment, and usually very quickly. Your only have to is to check on the injury from time to time to make sure everything heals as it should.
- Sometimes fragments of the objects the dog has gnawed on can cause jams in tissues, bringing severe discomfort to the pet. If you notice something unusual, like, the dog has lost its appetite, began to lick it’s muzzle uncharacteristically often, swallow too frequently, cough, as if trying to spit something that is stuck in its mouth, contact the veterinarian as soon as may be.
- Second Dentition. Blood from dog’s gums is perfectly normal during the period of second dentition – usually this change of fore set of teeth occurs in puppies at the age of 4-6 months. The only cause for worry is when the bleeding is heavier than normal. Regularly inspect the oral cavity of your pet, since the formation of occlusion of the teeth needs proper supervision. Do not allow double dentition and other bite deficiencies to develop since they will cause discomfort to your dog in the future.
- Gingivitis. If the disease has become the cause of the bleeding, you will not only see swollen, red, inflamed gums, but most likely there will be unpleasant, putrid smell coming from the pet’s mouth. The cause of gingivitis in dogs usually lies with improper teeth and gums hygiene, feeding of the dog with extremely soft, wet foods and overgrown tartar. Without the assistance of a vet nothing can be undertaken. Be sure to show your pet to a specialist, preferably to a veterinary dentist. The treatment of gingivitis usually consists in removing dental deposits, transferring the dog to a different diet, gums massage, and treatment with special oral care products. We emphasize once again that the treatment has to be be prescribed by a veterinarian.
- Neoplasm (tumor). A tumor in a dog’s mouth may take different forms. There may be several growths or a bulging mamelon, or look like a large wart. The neoplasm in the mouth may often get injured by the dog’s own teeth, therefore blood may appear in the mouth. The tumor can be either soft (like a barely frozen jelly), or hard, rigid. If you find something of the kind in your dog’s mouth, immediately make an appointment with your veterinarian. Not every tumor is malignant, but, nevertheless, it is not worth the risk. Senior dogs are more often prone to the development of tumors than the young ones. In the latter, some other types of neoplasms can appear and after a while almost disappear even untreated without a trace. But still be sure to show the neoplasm in your pet’s mouth to an experienced veterinarian.