Clear sign of an old age in dogs is cloudy eyes. The eyes seem to be covered with white film. Sometimes it can be more or less transparent and sometimes opaque white. However, not always dull eyes, are signs of aging. Quite often you can meet a one year-old dog with eyes looking cloudy and dim. There are various reasons for the condition, but the main ones are ophthalmic diseases. Please remember that only a qualified doctor will be able to determine the cause and provide an accurate diagnosis after a detailed examination. The condition in animals manifests itself in several possible ways:
- clouding of the lens;
- corneal clouding.
Cataract and nuclear sclerosis
Due to the natural ageing process, the center of the crystalline lens in any animal can become sclerotized which brings cloudy eyes in older dogs. Each animal developed its individual pattern and is distinguished by its severity. The most common sign of such a disease is the presence of spots on the lens of a grayish-blue color. Basically, the disease manifests itself in both eyes at the same time. The only good thing in nuclear sclerosis is that the animal does not feel pain in its eyes. And since the disease develops rather slowly, the dog has time to get used to the new condition and learn to live with it.
A cataract does not depend on age at all and occurs even in puppies. Therefore you can come across cloudy eyes even in young dogs. It is also inherited. The development of a cataract in a dog may begin due to diabetes or diseases of parasitic nature. Another reason may be the use of unnecessary medicine. A cataract can also be the result of an eye injury or a lack of a necessary vitamin. Unfortunately, if the dog has already begun to develop the characteristic blur in its eyes, the situation is considered irreparable. But if the owner managed to notice the changes at the earliest stages, then the seeing ability can be saved.
Keratitis means a very rapid deterioration in the dog’s vision or its complete loss, due to inflammation of the cornea of the eye. The disease spreads to the cornea, in just a few days. The cause of keratitis can be intoxication of the dog, infectious hepatitis, as well as conjunctivitis.
In the course of the disease, the animal experiences severe itching and tearing. The eyelids may swell, and the animal tear the eyes with its paws to try and stop the discomfort. And this may only lead to a further deterioration of the situation.
There are many reasons that can lead to the development of conjunctivitis. The main one is the ingress of foreign bodies, such as dust or pollen from various plants. It can also be provoked by infections. In most cases, the disease is triggered by an allergic reaction to something. If the dog has dull eyes and the cause is conjunctivitis, the treatment does not cause any complications. They are to be bathed with antiseptic solutions, ointments with antibiotics should be applied and antihistamines are occasionally prescribed too.
Glaucoma is a very serious eye disease. Accompanied by bluish film on eyes and severe pain. The intraocular pressure rises, due to which a bug eye effect can develop. It is fraught with complete loss of vision and deformation of the eye. The only solution in this situation is to remove the diseased eye. Only in this way can you save your pet at least one eye and its life.
If the dog has a blurred eye, this may be due to corneal dystrophy. Corneal dystrophy is classified according to the location of the inflammatory process:
- endothelial (formed cell nodules on the surface of the cornea);
- epithelial (disrupts the formation of the epithelium);
- stromal (a blue tint forms on the surface of the eye).
There is no effective treatment in nowadays veterinary medicine to preserve the eyes and vision in this case. The only method is surgical correction. Treatment of dystrophy in the early stages, with the help of multivitamin complexes can give quite good results. But the bluish veil still remains.
This disease causes the animal severe pain and has dire consequences. Pathology is dangerous due to the possibility of a complete loss of vision. Uveitis is almost never a root cause. It is usually a consequence of infectious diseases. Due to the fact that the pathology is very painful, the dog will constantly try to scratch or touch the eye. Thus, it will scratch them with claws and bring even more infection.
Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the disease in the animal. From the very beginning you need to administer antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory drugs to the pet. It is also necessary to treat the eyes with special drops and ointments. In rare advanced cases, in order to prevent glaucoma, it is necessary to remove the eye at all.
What if there is a muddy spot on the dog’s eye? A white spot on the eye may be due to an injury, such as a burn, an ulcer, or physical damage. Walleye in medicine is also referred to as a disease of cloudy eyes. If you seek help from a veterinarian in time, there is a chance that the animal will fully recover.
The Walleye disease can also be a result of neglect of allergic or infectious diseases. It can develop to the size of an entire eyeball and result in complete loss of vision. It is very important to immediately pay attention to the manifestations of the illness in your pet and contact a specialist as soon as may be.