Proctitis, which is a scientific name for the anus inflammation, is a pathology that develops when the rectum of a domestic animal is inflamed in its final segment. It is a very serious condition, since any mechanical effect, including the act of defecation, causes the dog great suffering. The dog cannot be relieved in normal way, therefore its health suffers greatly in many ways. The disease can develop under the influence of various external and internal factors. Since the symptoms of proctitis are similar to other digestive disorders, a veterinarian will need to perform various tests to confirm or disprove the diagnosis.
Predisposing Factors for Anal Inflammation
One of the most common causes of proctitis is colitis. Since the rectum is a part of the colon, its inflammation may lead to further advancement of the pathological process.
We should not forget about the various types of intoxication. Even relatively harmless substances commonly used at home may have very serious consequences if swallowed. When swallowed for the first time they usually cause common digestive upset, but if this has happened several times, chronic colitis can develop and therefore the dog has a swollen anus.
Tumor in the colon can also lead to a similar effect. It should be noted that not only malignant, but also benign neoplasms cause an inflammatory reaction. In this case, the very life of the animal depends on the speedy diagnostics, since delay almost certainly means death of the animal. Therefore, when any oddities in the behavior of your pet are observed as well as when the dog has swollen anus or if you notice that the act of defecation gives your pet uncharacteristic suffering, you have to take it to the doctor as soon as possible.
Note!Proctitis may be the result of autoimmune, genetically determined diseases. This is perhaps one of the most dangerous and practically unpredictable causes. As a rule, such pathologies develop over many months or even years. Pet’s health deteriorates very gradually, and when clear symptoms have finally surfaced, it is already too late.
As we have already mentioned, the clinical picture of anus inflammation is very diverse, but the most characteristic signs include:
- The dog often licks the anus.
- The dog begins to whine, howl, wheeze from pain during bowel movements.
To exclude the presence of tumors, a veterinarian will perform an X-ray and ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity. In case of difficult cases, it is recommended to conduct a biopsy, which is the only sure way to find out whether the detected tumor is malignant or benign. This is especially important if surgery is planned.
Successful treatment greatly depends on the root cause. So, with the development of inflammation on the background of parasitic pathologies, the veterinarian will prescribe a suitable medication.
Note!For tumors, surgery is strongly recommended (if the neoplasms are operable, of course). Otherwise, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are prescribed.
The main goal of treatment is to cure the core problem. But, of course, it is worth striving to minimize the intensity of the inflammatory response, especially when a dog has sore and swollen anus. If there are no contraindications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are suitable for this purpose.
In cases where there is a risk of secondary infections (in this case the dog has red and swollen anus), broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed. Their use is justified in the postoperative period, since at this time the animal’s body is greatly weakened, and cannot protect itself from the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms.
When treating the pet, be sure to turn to tonic and vitamin agents, since their administration has a health-promoting effect on the organism. A sick pet is sure to be prescribed a special diet. During treatment it is strictly forbidden to feed the dog with dry foods, as it will almost certainly contribute to the deterioration of your pet’s condition. Make sure that there is a sufficient amount of dietary fiber in the feed, which promotes good digestion and comfortable intestinal motility.
If during the period of treatment you observe any side effects, do not risk the health of your dog, and inform the veterinarian at once. To maintain the health of your dog, make sure that a ‘horse drench’ doses of flavors, dyes and other food ‘chemistry’ are not included in its everyday diet. All these substances have an adversely affect on the state of the gastrointestinal tract.
If your pet has developed proctitis as a result of helminthic invasion, make it a routine to take his feces for analysis at least once a quarter, or consult a veterinarian about the periodic administration of anthelmintic drugs as a preventive measure.