Owners of dogs often notice that the skin of their pets is covered with crusts-flakes. The reason for this is the drying of the skin, which contributes to a number of factors.
Causes of Skin Peeling in Dogs
The first cause to be mention is food change. For example, the breeder has been feeding the puppy with one food, and the owner feeds it with the other. Almost all problems with digestion are immediately reflected on the skin. The second factor is stress. The reason may be a change of home, climate change (for example, when traveling on vacation) or the first visit to the exhibition.
Also, the reason why a dog has flaky skin may be allergic reaction. The body of the animal can react to dyes and flavors in the feed or just some food, such as wheat. Allergies can be also caused by parasites, fungi in the apartment, different chemicals, etc. Sometimes a peeling skin is the reaction to cosmetic products: shampoos, oil mats, etc.
Moreover, it is strictly forbidden to wash the dog using means intended for humans, because of the different structure of the skin. Note, that frequent bathing also harms the dogs’ skin. This is due to the hard water, which is also enriched with chlorine. If a dog has flaky skin and losing hair, it is most likely that the reason is the lack of vitamins. You need to watch the animal, if it became sluggish, less willing to play and tired, it is worth to choose a vitamin complex.
If a feed allergy, scabies, pyoderma or allergic reaction to the flea bites is the cause if peeling, itching and burning often accompany the symptom of flaky skin in dogs. The pet will continue to scratch the affected areas. However, a dog may have flaky skin on back and other parts of the body without itching due to a number of diseases such as:
- pemphigus foliaceus,
- mycosis fungoides;
- the hypercortisolism.
Also without itching, peeling may occur due to insufficient air humidity. There may also be a pathological disorder of the skin glands or horny epithelium. This disorder is most often inherited. Therefore, these dogs must be culled from breeding.
What to Do if a Dog Has Dry Skin?
First of all, it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination to exclude serious diseases. If they are not discovered, the owner should pay more attention to the dog food and its routine life.
In any case, the most important thing is to determine why a dog has flaky skin on belly and to eliminate the causing factor.