Often the owners notice that their pets do not move freely and limp. The reason for this is the problem with the limbs. What does it mean when a dog is limping on back leg? Is this always a cause for concern?
About the Causes of Lameness in Dogs
There can be many different causes. Sometimes a dog is limping on back leg without pain, only to attract the owner’s attention. Veterinarians have listed the most common causes of the problem:
- Injuries. An unsuccessful jump can provoke sprain, broken bones. In the best case, i.e. with a light tension, lameness may pass itself, without medical treatment, if the dog’s body is strong. Injuries of the fingertips, in particular cuts, broken nails, also can be the reason why the dog does not step fully on one back leg. It is necessary to examine it carefully for minor wounds and stuck stones. If the dog ceases to pull a hind leg for more than three days, and the injury is not discovered, then you must appeal to the specialist.
- Dislocation of the patella may be the reason why a dog is limping on back leg after fall. The owners notice that the dog may suddenly begin to drag a hind limb. This happens so abruptly and also quickly. In such a situation, most likely, it is a dislocation of the patella. Vets call it a dislocated patella. It can occur in representatives of any breed, but most often it happens to small breeds and is a manifestation of genetic predisposition to the problem. The patella with dislocation comes out of its normal position. It turns out that it acts as a wedge, tightens the ligaments around the knee, and the paw just does not bend. Then the patella itself takes the correct position — and the animal begins to move, as usual.
- Legge-Calve-Perthes Disease. It is typical for small breeds at a young age. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is also called femoral head necrosis. Pathology is also inherited from parents. Its reason is the stop of normal blood supply to the neck of the thigh. It is fracturing so does the joint. Pathology leads to severe lameness and requires long-term treatment, surgery.
- Arthritis is another reason why a dog is limping on back leg with pain. It is an inflammation of the joints that can be caused by birth defects or infection. The dog has difficulty standing, refuses to walk because of the pain. Delaying the appeal to the veterinarian can lead to the fact that it will be Impossible to save the animal without surgery. The limp will go into the immobility of all paws.
- Interdigital cyst. This is the name of the tumor between the toes. It’s painful. The cyst is capable of infection. It may contain small foreign bodies. Visually, the examination shows that the area between the fingers on the upper side of the limb swollen. In this case, treatment is likely to be based on the use of antibiotics.
What Should the Owner Do?
First of all, you should examine the limb of the dog very carefully. If it is cut, it is necessary to carry out the antiseptic treatment. You can wash the paw with furacilin, using a syringe without a needle. Chlorhexidine solution is also suitable for this procedure. The leg should be bandaged so that the infection does not cause aggravation of the problem. Usually cuts on pads fingers in healthy dogs tighten quickly.
Finding that the animal broke the claw, it must be removed completely in a veterinary clinic. The bleeding is stopped by special drugs, a tight bandage is applied. The dog gradually comes back to its normal state, no longer limps. The new claw will grow in a few months.
Remember!When during the inspection you did not find external injuries, it is necessary to call a veterinarian at home, because the transportation of the animal to the veterinary clinic will be associated for the dog with pain and discomfort.
After examination, palpation, and the x-ray (if necessary), the vet will announce the diagnosis. If it is a fracture, then for a long period of time, your pet will have to endure a strict fixation of the limb. When the vet detects arthritis or other inflammatory diseases of the skeletal system, the treatment will be long.
So, the cause of lameness of animal and further actions of the owner will be determined by the vet. In order to avoid such pathologies, it is necessary to regularly inspect the limbs of the dog, to monitor the health of the fingertips.