The color of the dog’s nose changes both temporarily and forever. If in the second case, this is most likely due to the breed characteristics and age, in the first case, it is not so simple. It can actually be a symptom of a disease, if the dog’s nose is changing color.
It is also bad when this happened suddenly, in one day. However, there is no reason to panic if the animal has not lost activity and appetite. For example, Huskies and Malamutes lose the brightness of the pigment of the nose in winter. The owners of Dalmatians notice that spots disappear when the puppy grows up.
Growing Up and Color Properties
It is quite normal when the pink nose of the puppy gradually darkens and eventually becomes black. Initially, animals may not have the characteristic breed color and spots may disappear or appear. The shade of hair, its thickness and length also change. All this is explained by the process of growing up and the specifics of each breed. For example, in spotted dogs a small point on the nose is gradually able to change and only after some period to take a certain size and shape.
Much depends on what should be the standard coloring. Black pigment (eumelanin) is very strong. It is unlikely that it will brighten in the process of life. But brown or red (pheomelanin) pigment can gradually turn into pink. This will depend on the breed and age of the animal, but not on its overall health. In other words, there is no danger, rather-the usual manifestation of genetics.
Note!It is noted that during puberty and heats dog’s nose is changing color. This is not a sign of abnormalities in the hormonal system. This is absolutely normal and does not require treatment by the vet. If the pet is on a good diet full of vitamin supplements, then additional immunostimulatory drugs are also not required.
Injuries with Hemorrhage
In this case, it is difficult to confuse the dangerous situation with the usual genetic pigmentation. Bruised nose swells and its originally bright color darkens. The pet reacts painfully and nervously when the owner tries to touch it, the surface is hot and soft.
In animals with black nose, it is much harder to notice the problem, if only the top layer of the epidermis is not damaged. Then, of course, it becomes pink or reddish. You should not perform any treatment at home. It is better to contact the veterinary clinic in order to clarify the degree of damage. Surface scratches will heal on their own, but it is important to find out whether there is a risk of loss or deterioration of smell.
If the dog has been bitten by some kind of insect, the necessity of a visit to the doctor depends on the breed and age. Active large animals can stay at home, it is enough to treat the nose with a disinfection drug (chlorhexidine) and apply ointment from hives. Decorative breeds, puppies and elderly dogs can react differently to bites, for example, to the bites of wasps. It is better to see the vet to eliminate the possibility of allergic edema, which is dangerous for the respiratory system. First, the dog has a swollen muzzle, then the area of the nasopharynx swells, if timely actions are not taken. If the dog’s nose is changing color from black to brown after application of the medicines at home, it is also worth checking out at the vet.
Vitiligo and Other Diseases
Vitiligo is a pathology in which the health of the animal does not suffer significantly. The problem is that the cells of the body responsible for the breed pigmentation do not function. This is an immune disease, and there is no need to treat it actively. Much more dangerous is the risk of lupus, skin cancer, bacteriological or fungal infection. However, all these ailments do not come with only one symptom of a whitened nose.
If the dog’s nose changes from pink to black, but there is no fever, lethargy, hair loss or loss of appetite, it is unlikely that the one of the mentioned diseases is the cause of the color change. In addition, these diseases are characterized not only by a simple nose color change, but also with the plaque, dry or wet crust on the nose. The pet will definitely show the health problems with some other symptoms, for example by scratching the affected area.
In most cases, the change of the nose color doesn’t mean anything dangerous. This occurs in animals of different ages and breeds for completely natural causes. You can determine whether there is a real probability of the disease by observation of the pet and with the exact knowledge of the characteristics of the breed. Examination by a veterinarian is necessary if the dog has a chronically weakened immune system and there is a risk of catching the disease at every step. Aesthetic issues in this case are absolutely not important, even if they relate to the standards of color.