Growths under the skin are quite a frequent occurrence in animals. They can be rather small, and can reach several centimeters in diameter. A growth on dog’s paw is often a harmless symptom, but it can be an indicator of serious disease as well. It indicates the importance of regular checkups of your pet.
Kinds of Growths
Young animals are susceptible to various smaller new growths. One of the commonest localizations is their paws. The shapes and sizes of formations are diverse, but most often they are caused by viruses in the body. The types include:
- Papillomas (warts). They are dark in color and have the form of elevation above the surface of the skin. Males are most susceptible to these formations. First growths look like white papules, they then pass into the tumors, similar to the florets of cauliflower.
- Tumors (growths on the skin). Their feature is abnormal growth of cells and tissues. They are usually benign, but can turn into malignant form. The first are distinguished by slow growth, clear boundaries. The second are growing rapidly, mutated cells are able to move around the body, forming metastases.
- Carcinoma. It is the most dangerous kind of a tumor, which appears mainly in old animals.
Benign tumors are not dangerous to the life of the pet if promptly removed. Sometimes they move to a malignant tumor that is more dangerous to the life of the animal.
The Reasons of Development and Symptoms
There are 4 main causes of growths:
- An insect bite. It concerns chiefly the bites of wasps, mosquitoes, ticks, bees. Allergic reactions manifest themselves as swelling and redness. They are accompanied by itching, fever. It usually does not require any therapeutic procedures;
- Inflammation of the skin between the toes. A growth on dog paw between toes is quite common, as this area is almost always humid, polluted. There occurs constant licking of paws. There is also redness, swelling, small pimples. If the inflammation is not healed, suppuration are sores appear.
- Viruses and a weakened immune system. A growth on the front paw of the dog often has the appearance of warts. Its main feature is the increase in size with age. The most prone are breeds with short hair. It usually do not cause discomfort for the pet, but when there is pain, it is important to consult the vet.
- Pathological proliferation of cells. A growth on the hind foot of the dog is a sign of a tumor-like growth. More often it is of benign nature. Malignant ones are typically red, they grow rapidly.
Photo of Growth on Dog’s Paw
Is there a Necessity of Removing?
Any skin growth is subjected to removal by different ways. It is complemented by prescribing drugs, depending on the cause of the disease. The removal of warts presupposes:
- The use of drugs—in particular, of novocaine. The method of administration varies: it can be a subcutaneous, intravenous or intramuscular injection. The course and frequency are selected by a doctor.
- Surgery. The method does not show high efficiency, as after the operation immunity decreases, which only stimulates the development of the growth. This leads to regular relapses.
- Cold. The attachment of the dry ice reduces the size of the wart. The standard course is 7 days, 3 times a day. The duration of exposure is 1 minute.
- Folk remedies. Apple vinegar, garlic and lemon juice, a mixture of castor and linseed oil.
- The cauterization. This method is used if the wart is located on the paw. Tool for burning is iodine solution, special pharmaceutical ointments. The area around the treatment is lubricated with vaseline or olive oil to avoid burning of healthy tissue.
Remember!If the growth has appeared because of the proliferation of tumor cells, removal of the tumor is necessary. If the tumor is malignant, then after resection a chemotherapy or radiation is carried out.
Black growth on dog paw is an indicator of neglect of the pathological process, which reduces the probability of recovery. It is difficult to treat. Insect bites and growths resulted from them often cease themselves. If the reaction is intense, a course of antihistamines is prescribed: Suprastin, Tavegil, Diazolin. In all the causes of growths, the following remedies are administered:
- adjuvants – Gamavit, Maximin, Immunofan, Ribotan;
- diet and rest;
- anti-inflammatory ointments in cases of scratching.
As has been mentioned, the appearance of growths on the paws of the pet is a common phenomenon: many reasons affect it. Upon detection of strange behavior and any signs of disease it is necessary to visit the veterinary clinic. The doctor will prescribe the treatment that will save the life of the pet.