Growths in the mouth of an animal are always an alarming sign. The severity and life hazard of the condition depends on its causes. The emerod that forms on the dog’s gum brings discomfort to the animal, as it makes the feeding process painful.
Types of Growths and Their Causes
Lumps can occur in dogs of any breed, age or gender.
Tumors are carcinomatous-like neoplasms that appear due to vegetation of cells and tissues. They can be benign or malignant. The former are growing slowly and are in a particular location only. The latter are growing rapidly, spreading to other organs and tissues (metastases). The cause for their appearance is in abnormal vegetation of mutated cells. The factors behind the illness are not yet fully understandable. Tumors may look like lums or ulcers. Most often a malignant tumor on a gum develops from the mucous membrane cells. It has clear edges and solid texture.
Abscesses are vesicles filled with purulent fluids. They mainly occur due to injuries of a different nature: thermal, mechanical or chemical. For example, microbes infiltrate the cut and it leads to festering.
A cyst is a tumor-like growth with encapsulated fluid. It occurs quite often and can be recognized by its slow growth. There are several types of cysts, but the most common is blood cyst. It contents blood accumulated from a damaged vessel.
Papillomavirus is a trigger in this condition. It is only actively-reproducing in the setting of reduced immunity, for example, in senior animals. Warts are hard and soft at palpation. Soft bumps on the gums may look like cauliflower curd. They are rough and usually have one location.
If a growth on the dog’s gum is white, it may be a symptom of stomatitis. In this case, the growths are not convex and look more like ulcers. The cause may be a blennosis that happens due to an infection spreading from a sore tooth. Stomatitis may be due to a more serious disease, like distemper, fungus or scurvy. When there is pustular rash looking similar to pimples in the dog’s mouth, it is a sure sign of pyoderma. It is triggered by intensive reproduction of coccal microorganisms. A lump on the gum be caused by a common insect bite. It looks swollen and inflamed. If the pet is stung by a wasp, carefully take the sting out of the wound.
List of Possible Symptoms
- An unpleasant odor from the dog’s mouth, sometimes slightly putrid;
- Traces of blood or pus on food and pet’s bowl;
- Gum is swollen and reddened at the sore side;
- Excessive salivation, especially when eating;
- Appetite reduced, signs of pain when chewing;
- Elevated body temperature;
- Loose teeth, sometimes even falling out;
- Apathetic, sluggish behavior;
- When palpated, the pet shows aggression;
- In case of solid cancerous growth, a dog may begin losing weight.
These symptoms do not always indicate the tumors. They can also mean common caries, dental tartar or wounds in the oral cavity.
Photo of Growths on Gums of dogs
First of all, examine the animal. Particular growths have specific external features, which makes possible a preliminary diagnosis. To determine the exact cause of the pathological process, a number of procedures are usually carried out: a biochemical blood test, microscopic and histological examination of biological material.
Note!Tumors require immediate removal even if the tumor is benign. You can get rid of warts by various means, like salicylic ointment or thuja oil.
With extensive growths only surgical removal is applicable. Matured purulent abscesses have to be incised. Afterwards, the wound is treated with iodine solution. For prompt healing, antiseptic should be administered regularly. Small cysts usually go away without special treatment, while larger ones still require surgery. Stomatitis is treated by thorough washing and processing of the oral cavity by the following means:
- decoctions of the oak bark, sage, chamomile;
- solutions of soda, lugol, furatsilin;
- sea-buckthorn oil.
A simple soda solution with an ice cube will help you to remove swelling and inflammation after an insect bite. There are special ointments and remedies for allergic reactions in dogs.