A growth on a dog’s ear can occur in any breed. These emerods can be of two types, either harmless blotches that do not require special treatment, or symptoms of a serious disease, that may even lead to the death of the animal if left unchecked and untreated.
The treatment of the morbid growths is surgical at most. If they are of a benign nature, they are dissected out leaving the adjacent tissues untouched. In case of cancer, not only the growth itself has to be removed, but also the adhere tissues in order to prevent retention of pathological cells
Benign and Malignant Growths – How to Tell One from Another
As it often happens, the guardian can often determine Externally the nature of the growth, although it is not always possible. The fact is that if emerods are of a benign nature, they look similarly and very change their size very slowly if at all. Such growths do not cause the animal discomfort. Also, there are no any discharge on them.
Note!Malignant tumors grow rapidly, and in a short time they show abundant discharge of blood, pus or lymph appears. The growths can be multiple, but more often they is a single one. They occur predominantly in older dogs (or pets in general) with gravely weakened immunity system.
The growths on the dog’s ears can be of various types. Effective treatment and preventive measures depend greatly on what triggered appearance of a neoplasm.
- Papillomas (kerato papillomas). A first, one or more white growths appear on the dog’s ear. They can remain unchanged for a long time. When the immunity system of the animal is weakened, they thrive, and the papilloma can even become darker. When the small growths on the dog’s ear are multiple, they can sometimes merge into a single emerod that reminds a curd of a cauliflower. On rare occasions, when the growths are often damaged by the dog while scratching, they may turn into cancerous tumor. Such a metamorphose manifests itself by the beginning of a rapid growth.
- Warts Like papilloma, they are of a viral nature and appear when the natural defenses of an animal’s body are considerably decreased. In this condition the virus, unchecked by the immunity system, can thrive and multiply. In the areas of its active reproduction black growths appear on the dog’s ears. Initially, it could be of white or slightly grayish coloring and be smooth (non-flaky) in texture. As the wart grows, it turns brown or red, with a glossy or scaly surface. Upon palpation the animal does not experience any discomfort and, if the formation is not of a large size, it may be almost invisible to the naked eye. Such growths on the dog’s ears very rarely degenerate into a malignant tumor.
- Tumor Those are emerods that occur in dogs due to a benign growth of tissues. These neoplasms, if they are truly of a benign nature, grow extremely slowly (if at all) pose no hazard to life. Their degeneration into malignant growths rarely possible. However, there is still a possibility. In this case they grow very rapidly and capture surrounding tissues. Without timely treatment such tumors lead to the death of the animal. But if a timely metastasectomy was administered, in most cases, the dog recovers completely.
- Fatty Tumors. These subcutaneous fat pads often occur on the dog’s ear flap and may also look like growths. They can be significantly large. Turning of a fatty tumor into a malignant growth is biologically impossible, and if the dog does not show signs of discomfort, removal is not required. The only way to cure these growths is through operative treatment. The appearance of such a formation is often due to maldistribution of subcutaneous fat. Fatty tumor near dog’s ears is a rare occurrence and most often found in dogs with droopy ears. If there is a firm growth of the dog’s ear with characteristically white color it is 99% of certainty that it is actually a fatty tumor.
When a pet develops a growth on its ear, it is necessary to monitor its condition regularly in order to ensure an early notice of any signs of a malignant neoplasm.
Photo of Growth on the Dog’s Ear
There are some measures that will help to prevent generation of growths in the dog’s ears. Such simple steps help to reduce the risk significantly and maintain the overall good health of the animal.
- Regular cleanup of the dog’s ears – you should clean the pet’s ears on regular basis and, if necessary, administer medications and ointments against ticks, fungal and bacterial infections, as well as otitis.
- Maintenance of a high-quality and balanced nutrition for the animal, as that prevents decrease in immunity system.
- Management of wounds and scratches on the ears with antiseptics immediately upon their appearance.
- Walking the dog in the open air at least 2 hours a day.
- Eliminate possibility of a hypothermia. In winter, short-haired breeds must wear overalls.
- Upon detecting a growth on the ear of your dog, visit the vet without prevarication or delays in order to determine the nature of the neoplasm and administer timely treatment.