Not many masters manage to timely detect a growth in the nose of their dog. Usually, such formations come to light after the onset of accompanying symptoms in the form of sniffling, nasal discharge and shortness of breath. Usually occurs in pets after 5 years of life. Due to the peculiarities of the location, there may be problems with the operation. Some animals do not even have the opportunity to undergo a rhinoscopy, as they will not be able to withstand anesthesia.
The List of Possible Causes
The most reliable way to determine if a nasal growth is developing in a dog is to listen to its breathing. If sniffing, whistling, grunting comes from the nose, then this is an alarm bell. It is unlikely that you will be able to see something even if the pet will sit submissively.
In majority of cases, the formations are localized closer to the pharynx. First of all, the following reasons must be excluded.
Yes, there are also cases when a splinter is found in a dog’s nose. It can be easily confused with a build-up, but the difference is that almost always the ingress of a foreign body is accompanied by a purulent and inflammatory process.
The animal experiences discomfort during inhalation and exhalation. May try to grunt to clear the nasal passages on its own. The thorns of plants (cactus, roses), evergreen needles, sharp chips or fragments of claws after a quarrel with relatives usually act as a splinter.
If the splinter is not removed in time, then there is a risk of swelling and suppuration. You can do this on your own only if you know for sure or saw how your pet came across a branch or a thorny plant. Using tweezers pre-treated with antibacterial solution, you can try to remove the splinter. If she got into a hard-to-reach place or the dog twists his head, complicating the extraction process, then it is better to seek help from a surgeon. He has special tools, skills and experience for this.
In the majority of cases, the oral mucosa is affected, but also occurs in the nasal passages.
Papillomas are considered benign growths prone to self-resolution. Much depends on the localization of papillomas.
If it appear on their paws or torso, they are of the opinion that it is better not to deal with it at all. But with the formation in the mouth, on the eyelids or in the nose, it can resort to removal, because the growths can constantly be injured, bleed and cause a lot of discomfort to the animal.
You also need to know that the removal of formations is not considered a recovery, because papillomatosis remains in the pet’s body for life.
Recent illnesses, a sharp decrease in immunity due to prolonged use of drugs can provoke its activity. Therefore, many veterinarians try to find the cause of the activity of papillomatosis, and only then think whether it is worth removing the formation or not. For this, a laser, cryosurgery or electrocautery can be used.
It can be found mainly in adults after the age of 8 years. Initially, a small flesh-colored growth may appear in the nose. Over the course of the process, its size will increase. Along with this, purulent discharge and an unpleasant odor from the mouth and nose will appear.
Unfortunately, most of tumors are diagnosed at an advanced stage, which makes them inoperable. In any case, for diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a biopsy of the neoplasm and cytology of the discharge.
If squamous cell carcinoma or sarcoma is confirmed, then X-ray and MRI of the head are mandatory to exclude metastases to the sub-mandibular lymph nodes and bones.
There are scenarios in which you can face with successful tumor removal. For this, the animal must undergo anesthesia (before the operation, the heart, kidneys and liver are checked). And this is provided that the tumor did not have time to metastasize.
Another type of benign lesions that occurs in all breeds. They differ in a long, chronic course.
The masters begin to notice that the dog has nasal growths only when there are problems with breathing. There is wheezing and whistling during inhalation or exhalation. Shortness of breath may also appear, even after minor physical exertion. Well, the most characteristic symptom is considered to be that the pet begins to breathe through the mouth, which was not noticed for them before.
Polyps can be diagnosed by determining the nasopharynx with a mirror. For this, sedation is used. If in doubt, anesthesia may be used to perform a rhinoscopy. The need to remove polyps is determined by the surgeon, since there is a possibility of their independent regression.
It is clear that even large growths are very difficult to detect in time in your dog’s nose. But, regular examination of your pet and responding to suspicious changes (puffing, whistling during breathing, shortness of breath, discharge and bad smell from the nose) will help avoid possible problems in the future.