An unpleasant odor coming from the pet’s mouth should instantly alert its guardian. This is the first sign of an inflammatory process which can be a pre-echo of a serious disease,that may sometimes threaten not only for the health but also the very life of the animal. Besides offensive breath, significant reasons for an immediate visit to veterinarian are: excessive salivation, swelling of the tongue or gums, difficulty in chewing food, admixture of blood or pus in the dog’s saliva.
Note!The treatment is sure to be successful if the disease was detected at its initial stage, and the remedy was accurately prescribed by a specialist.
There are various causes of pyorrhea in the gums of a dog. But not even experienced dog breeders can always determine at the first sight nature of the pathology and thus are not able to provide effective medical assistance to his or her canine companion. Here are the most common diseases of the oral cavity that may lead pyorrhea.
Dental Periostitis (Gingival Abscess)
In this case, the inflammatory process affects not only the gum (as it is commonly believed), but the periosteum as well. The condition is accompanied by severe toothache, excessive salivation, tooth mobility, bleeding gums and emergence of pustules at the base of the tooth. Possible causes of the pathological process:
- Poor oral care;
- Insufficient amount of coarse food in the dog’s diet (dry foods, even high-quality ones with a well-balanced mineral contents, often lead to problems with teeth and gums);
- Dental caries;
- Undertreated gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) that has affected deeper tissues.
With any of these symptoms the dog must be shown to the doctor.
Injured Teeth and Gums
The rotting gums in a dog sometimes happen due to an injury. Animals love to pick up lost toys, sticks and bones when outside and enjoy gnawing their findings, scratching the mucous membrane in the process and thus causing infection. Gradually, the inflammatory process develops. It is next to impossible to keep up with a yard dog. And it is a good idea to teach them two important rules when they are still puppies: not to pick up things from the ground when outside and not to take anything (including food) from the hands of strangers. Here are some equally common causes of the problem:
- Autoimmune pathology. The condition is manifested in the form of small painful aphthae on the gums and tongue. The pathology is due to organism’s development of immune bodies that destroy its own tissues. This condition requires a thorough diagnostics and long-term treatment.
- Helminthic Infection leads to a great weakening in the immune system, which makes animals more susceptible to the effects of various parasitic microorganisms. And the infestation, sooner or later, leads to inflammation of the oral cavity (gingivitis).
- Herpes. Often, a rotting gum in a dog means nothing but herpes. One dog can only get a virus from another dog. The pathology is manifested by small vesicles in the palate, on tongue and gums. When bursting a vesicle creates multiple (or one extensive) ulcers. Their surface is covered with white and yellowish purulent pellicle. The case requires instant qualified medical attention.
- Neoplasm. Tumor destruction can be the cause of excessive pus formation in the dog’d mouth cavity. Pathology is also manifested by loss of teeth, formation of deep non-healing wounds. On your own, you can only perform first-aid sanitary treatment of the oral cavity. The rest of the medical maintenance can only be carried out in the veterinary clinic. Unfortunately, in such cases, there are usually dismal projections.
Accurate diagnosis of a genuine cause of the deviation can only be determined by a qualified veterinarian; sometimes it also requires performance of various tests. There is nothing wrong with establishing an assumptive diagnosis before going to the doctor, but do not skip the vet visit.
Photo of Gums with Pus in Dogs
Sometimes we cannot arrange an immediate visit to the veterinary clinic. This be the case, the duty of the pet’s guardian is to alleviate the condition of the pet to his or her best abilities. Administer the animal a painkiller. If you have no special veterinary medications at hand, do not hesitate to replace them with pills from your own first-aid kit. These may suffice for a dog:
The dosage depends on the size and weight of a particular four-legged friend. The technique is simple:
- Open the animal’s mouth, put the medicine in, hold the muzzle shut with both hands while lifting it as high as possible. Hold firm until the dog swallows.
- Wash the animal with an antiseptic or a weak salt solution or a decoction of medicinal herbs (chamomile, calendula) to remove pus from the gums of the dog;
- Prepare lotions based on an oily solution of chlorophyllipt or chlorhexidine.
- Exclude solid foods from the animal’s diet.
And take the dog to a veterinary clinic as soon as may be.