The first signs of an inflammatory process in the dog’s eye begins are not easy to recognize, especially if you are a novice to dog breeding. Slight tearfulness, a hint of swelling on the eyelids, itching in the eye area are clear but subtle symptoms. Here are main causes of inflammation and their symptoms:
- The first and most logical conclusion for reddened eyelids is conjunctivitis. The disease is harmless enough if treated timely. You will notice the pet rubbing its face with paws. The eyelids adhere after sleep, and there are clear, yellow or yellow-green discharges visible around the eyes, the mucosa is swollen and reddened. At the initial stage, the disease can be treated at home. Just bath sore eyes with warm clear water or herbal infusions (the latter can only be applicable when you are sure that the dog is not allergic). As for medical treatment, Laevomycetin drops (3–6 times a day) or Tetracycline ointment (2–3 times a day) should be administered in each eye. The course of administration lasts for 7–10 days. After the complete disappearance of symptoms, the therapy should be continued for 2–3 days more. If the purulent eye inflammation in has passed to the nasal passages and ears, do not hesitate to bring your pet to the veterinarian as there may be demand for ‘aggressive’ antibiotic treatment. There is also a little-known form of the disease – follicular conjunctivitis. Inflammation of the mucous membrane and the other symptoms are similar to common conjunctivitis. The difference is that the follicular form is usually chronic and can only be treated permanently by cauterization performed in clinical setting. Inflammation on the eyelids may be a consequence of an unknown underlying condition or neoplasm, which often happens in senior dogs. The disease looks like the initial stage of conjunctivitis, but cannot be treated with usual measures.
- Blepharitis. Blepharitis is considered a puppy disease. On the first sight, the eyes look reddened from the corner to the middle of the lid. The causes may be various – dusty, a foreign body, a staphylococcal infection, trauma, perversion of the organs of digestion, vitamin deficiency or common dehydration of mucous membranes. The disease is divided into types according to the main symptoms: Squamous Blepharitis is manifested by desquamate areas at the base of the eyelashes. Inflammation of a gland of the eyelid is manifested by the presence of round formations at the junction of the mucous membrane of the eyelid. Ulcerative Blepharitis is manifested by eyelids strongly swollen, covered in purulent scabs. Meibomian Blepharitis is determined by significantly thickened eyelids and purulent inflammation. Upon identifying the form of the disease veterinarian prescribes treatment.
- Foreign object in the eye. Though it is not a disease, the condition is rather common. Slight tearing quickly turns into a full-scale inflammation. If left untreated, the consequences are unpredictable. If the pet is too large or you are not sure how to take the item out of pets eye correctly, not risk and entrust the procedure to a specialist.
- Keratitis. This form of inflammation of the eye cornea may be a separate disease or a manifestation of distemper or hepatitis in a pet. The run of the disease is very rapid, corneal clouding worsens literally in a matter of few hours. Keratitis is known in several forms: vascular, punctate, deep, catarrhal and purulent.
- Eyelid Malformation. There are two forms of the condition – entropion and ectropion. Both cause severe inflammation and irritation of the mucous membranes of the eye. If left untreated, conjunctivitis and other purulent inflammations not be long in coming. The problem requires serious treatment, sometimes even surgical.
- Helminthiasis. Some worms lay their eggs so that they enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body. It cannot be predicted where the egg will be at the moment of its transformation into a larva, which may be both in the heart, brain, and eyes. A helminth, settled in the eyeball or eyelid, gradually grows, which leads to an inflammatory process for no apparent reason. Identification and elimination of the parasite, most often, however, requires expert’s assessment and supervision of a veterinarian.
- Viral infection. This one is perhaps the most dangerous case, as the inflammation on the eyes is only the first and most innocent alarm signal. Even vaccinated dogs are not entirely safe. Here are the most common infections that cause inflammation of the eyes: Canine viral hepatitis or Adenovirus affects the inner walls of blood vessels lining the entire circulatory system of an animal. Pancreas, thyroid, lungs, kidneys, liver and eyes suffer for the most part. Distemper is an acute infectious disease that affects young dogs between the ages of 3 and 12 months. With timely diagnosis and treatment, there is a good chance of survival. The disease is considered fatal, therefore vaccination is recommended for all dogs. Mycoplasmosis is a viral infection, which affects the entire body of the dog. Even if completely cured, the pet becomes infertile, suffers from arthritis or recurring urinary infections. In acute form, the disease is complicated by pneumonia, colitis and infectious diseases of the urogenital system.