During the warm season, people often prefer the nature to the city. It is common that dog owners take their four-legged friends with them. There is no doubt that outdoor activities are good for any animal. However, the owners need to be careful as the risk of a dangerous tick bite is very high. Many people do not know, what measures should be taken when a mite bites the dog. Meanwhile, the consequences of the bite often depend on the timely and correct human action.
Symptoms of Infection
Every dog owner should know what symptoms are accompanied by a dangerous harvest mite bites in dogs. In rare cases, infection occurs immediately. This is called an acute disease and usually leads to death of the animal. It is mostly impossible to save the pet in such cases. In acute disease the infection is accompanied by some signs by which the owner may suspect a bite of a parasite:
- The body temperature of rises to 40 or 42 degrees, lasts about two days and begins to decline. When the temperature is below 38, 5 degrees you need to sound the alarm.
- The dog refuses to eat, this should alert the owner.
- Even the most active and cheerful animal after infection becomes sluggish and does not want to play, sleeps more.
- The less common, but possible symptoms include shortness of breath, chills, swaying when walking and digestive disorders. Also, the pet may experience pain in the abdomen, due to which it begins to whine.
How to Remove a Tick?
If any of these symptoms occur, you should seek medical advice immediately. If a possible infection occurred far from a large village and the doctor’s help is not available, you need to help your pet yourself. Once on the body of the victim, the tick wanders around for several hours and only then sucks. Carefully inspecting the dog immediately after going out, you can comb out the parasites before they have time to bite the pet. If the tick has already sucked, it should be removed.
Starting the manipulations to remove the bloodsucker, be sure to wear gloves on your hands. This will prevent infection if the mite is a carrier of dangerous diseases. In any case do not pull out the insect. This may result in rupture and getting of infection through the skin or mucous membranes. The best way is twisting. The tick pulls out its head if you drip nail polish, cologne or oil on it once a minute. After the appearance of the head, grab the mite with the rope loop and gently rotate in one direction counterclockwise. It is better to capture the insect closer to the trunk. Usually after two turns the tick comes out.
Where the dust mite bites dogs, lumps remain. This place should be smeared with iodine. If the swelling subsides, the tick is not a carrier of encephalitis and other terrible ailments. With an increase in swelling, redness and the appearance of abscesses at the site of the bite, it is necessary to seek qualified help urgently. Often during the inspection of dogs, which showed signs of infection, any parasites are found. This is because the mite fell off after being full with blood.
After the bite of the ixodic mite, the symptoms of the disease in animals do not appear immediately, but after a week and after. If adverse symptoms have already appeared, and the vet is far away, you can try to help the pet yourself. If the pet refuses to drink, pour into the mouth of the dog 100 – 150 ml of water to prevent dehydration. The interval between treatments should be 1 hour.
Three times a day, inject 50 ml of glucose and one ampoule of vitamins B6 and B12 subcutaneously. If the symptoms of the disease leave no doubt that infection has occurred, it is possible to inject the 7% solution of Asidini or Verbena (1 ml per 20 kg of body weight). It should be remembered that these antiparasitic agents have a negative impact not only on the source of the disease, but also on the internal organs of the animal. Therefore, after the use of these drugs, it is necessary to inject vitamins, salt solutions and drugs that improve the work of the heart, liver and gastrointestinal tract within 10 days. Even after recovery from a dangerous disease the dog will need long-term rehabilitation.
Attention!If the tick that has bitten the dog and it has not fallen off on its own, it should be taken to the laboratory to find out if it poses a threat to the life and health of the pet.
To reduce the risk of mite bites on dogs belly and other parts of the body, it is recommended to use a special protective spray or collar. The most reliable protection against this parasite is vaccination.