In most scenarios, peeling inside the ear in a dog indicates an inflammatory process that can be caused by parasitic activity, getting under the skin of a foreign body, a tumor process or a type of otitis media. In the majority of cases, this symptom is present in allergic reactions of various origins (flea dermatitis, direct contact with a potential allergen, or sensitivity to the components of the daily diet).
Description of the Causes that Are Most Common
If the dog has peeling inside ear after adding a new product to the diet, then there is a high probability that this is a manifestation of a food allergy. Dirty secretions and a fetid odor from the ear canal may also be present. If there are no concomitant symptoms, then you can observe the pet for several days. A substance (detergent, medicine, etc.) could get on the skin that caused irritation. Also, the reason can lie in the weather, since the chapping and frostbite of the skin in many cases manifests itself in the form of peeling. The veterinarian, depending on the clinical presentation, will consider the following options.
In the most scenarios localized in the ear and accompanied by peeling of the skin. Redness and crusts are also present. All of these symptoms in most cases are accompanied by severe itching. It is possible to exclude or confirm only laboratory microscopic determination of wool and peeling taken from spots of localization, the glow of lesions under the Wood lamp (fungal spores glow with emerald light), and sowing to determine the culture. And only after this treatment is prescribed, depending on the pathogen. Most often, suspensions, tablets, ointments and therapeutic shampoos are prescribed.
A lot of attention is paid to the disinfection of the room and the sleeping place of the animal, since fungal spores can survive in the environment for more than a year. Therefore, all surfaces where wool can get are treated with special disinfectants against dermatophytes. You can also use any chlorine-containing antiseptic. In the end, I would like to draw attention to the vaccine against lichen, which, unfortunately, is still being done in many domestic veterinary clinics. Foreign colleagues have long abandoned this practice and recognized that it is ineffective in treating depriving and in preventing it.
In the majority of causes of flaking in a dog’s ear. Also, redness and severe itching are almostly always present. An improperly selected food, the introduction of a new product into the diet, flowering plants, flea bites, helminthic infestation, house dust or mold can provoke such a reaction. And many other substances that can be potentially allergenic to the animal.
In the presence of severe itching, antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to prevent combing of the affected areas to the blood and the attachment of a secondary infection. First of all, veterinarians recommend antiparasitic treatment, then they already try to change the feed. And if this does not help, then conduct a biochemical blood test to determine a possible allergen. You need to understand that in some breeds an apple or a bite of one flea can provoke an allergy. We are talking about yorks, english bulldogs and pugs. The owners of these breeds know firsthand the many symptoms of food allergies and atopic dermatitis.
An inflammatory disease that can be triggered by a number of causes. Most often it is an allergy, a bacterial infection, a foreign body, an ear mite and a tumor process. With allergic otitis media, the dog appears peeling inside the ear and an unpleasant odor. The animal constantly shakes its head, while squelching sounds are heard. For diagnosis, discharge from the ear canal is sent for cytology and microscopic examination (required from both ears) to exclude or confirm a bacterial infection and an ear mite. Treatment of otitis media is standard – drops and ointments. The main thing is to choose them correctly, and this can be done only when determined the root of case.
A characteristic feature of the presence of an ear tick in a dog is combing the ears to the blood. Peeling and redness also appear inside the ear canal. For the diagnosis, deep plucks of the skin are taken from the lesions and sent for cytological and microscopic examination. If otodectosis provoked the appearance of otitis media (which happens very often), then you can use cleaning lotions (ot free, 8 in 1), which are poured into the auricle. After this, massage near the temples and let the pet shake out the contents.
In conclusion, I would like to remind about neoplasms, which can also provoke the appearance of peeling in the dog’s ear. These can be polyps (benign neoplasms) or sarcoma (a malignant tumor).
Almost always, neoplasms provoke the appearance of purulent otitis media. Polyps are found at any age, malignant tumors are rare in individuals under 8 years of age.