Unlike in humans, a dog’s red eyes do not appear due to fatigue. And an inflammation is not likely to go away when left untreated. Animals do not sit in front of computer screens, they do not use cosmetics, therefore redness of eyes always have some serious underlying causes.
Always pay attention to the following symptoms:
- the dog often squints (and not only after a nap);
- the animal often rubs and scratches the sore organ;
- secretions may be visible in the corners;
- eyeballs look like they are slightly protruding;
- swollen eyelids.
If you see any of the symptoms, be sure to check by gently pulling the eyelids up, you will probably notice the reddened whites. If it has a pronounced pink or even red color, it means that there is inflammation. Inspection should be carried out when the animal is calm, after washing hands thoroughly.
There are quite are a lot things that can trigger red eyes in dogs. It is next to impossible to determine those independently, so be sure to visit the veterinarian for a checkup. Red eyes and itchy eyelids in a dog are symptoms of the following conditions:
- Infectious diseases, which include both viral and bacterial. If a dog has red eyes, in this case it is just one of the manifestations.
- Fungal infections of the skin and mucous membranes that have spread to the visual organs of the animal.
- Chemical burn, usually accompanied by suppuration or the appearance of ulcers.
- Dry eye syndrome, malignancy and hypoplasia of the lacrimal gland, which are especially characteristic of decorative breeds. This may happen to any dog during the heating period, when the air in the apartment is very dry.
- Allergic reaction to dust, flowering plants, household chemicals, shampoos, medications.
A foreign body stuck in the eye, injury from a blow, a wound, especially if those were infected with microbes.
- Glaucoma or neoplasms of various etiologies.
- Autoimmune and hormonal pathologies that cause inflammation of the mucous membranes and skin.
- Hypertension, which is also manifested by changes in the general health and behavior of the dog.
Infectious diseases suggest not only the ingress of viruses and bacteria in the eyes, but also general diseases of the body. For example, with colds in dogs, the mucous membranes of the visual organs also redden and begin watering.
When Can the Condition Be Treated an Home?
Sometimes red eyes in dogs occur after grooming, for example, and there are no more signs that could indicate an illness. This be the case, you have to analyze possible triggers. If you are absolutely certain that the cause is nothing but dryness of the eyes or a foreign body in the eye, which has already come out with tears, leaving no wounds, home care is possible. In some cases, it is advisable to use additional medications, after a consultation with the veterinarian. For example, special soothing lotions that can be purchased in the dispensaries of veterinary medicine, which are also excellent for conjunctivitis. They can be used either as an auxiliary (for dryness and irritation) or a medical treatment (for conjunctivitis).
Preventive measures are very simple. It is enough to wipe the eyes with a weak decoction of chamomile or hygienic lotions on the sutra dog’s eyes during the heating season and in summer. For breeds that have congenital or hereditary problems with the visual organs most of the time (for example, Yorkshire terriers) constant supportive care is imperative. A veterinary consultation will be useful when trying to eliminate allergies to some household products. If an animal has intolerance to dust, it will have problems all year round.
At any time of the year, the pet may have red eyes and appear weak and sleepy. This often suggests that the animal has health problems. In such a case, consultation with a veterinarian is necessary, since redness of eye whites in dogs is often just one of the minor symptoms of an internal disease that requires long-term treatment. In any case, the use of hygienic lotions will be a good solution. It would do no harm and can even help to clear the eyes for the veterinarian to examine them more carefully.