Sometimes pet owners notice that it has reddened skin on the testicles. First of all, do not panic, as this symptom is not always an indication of a serious condition. However, it is better to consult a veterinarian who will be able to determine the cause and prescribe optimal treatment.
Causes and Concomitant Symptoms
The main cause of dog’s scrotum being red is constant licking. It occurs when the pet is exposed to various factors.
- Allergic Reaction. Possible allergy-causing agents are: feed components; some types of human food (overly sweetened, smoked, etc. food); chemicals (e.g. floor cleaners); pollen. Allergy is manifested by redness and appearance of small rashes.
- Bites. Hyperemia is caused by intolerance to substances carried by wasps, bees, etc. Some ticks are carriers of rickettsia, that triggers ehrlichiosis. In addition to discoloration, there may be visible swelling in the testicles, as well as hemorrhages.
- Sunburn. A harmless factor. The color of the skin changes under the influence of sunlight getting darker. It is observed mainly in short-wool dogs.
- Prostate Gland Inflammation and Bladder Stones. Infections in prostate gland tend to spread to the neighboring tissue, including the testicles. Concomitant symptoms: pain during urination, fever, discharge with an admixture of pus from the genital organ. The disease develops with a high concentration of protein in the pet’s diet, reduced drinking regime in older dogs. The breed of the pet is also important. Spaniels, Dalmatians, Pekingese, Bulldogs, and some other breeds are susceptible to urolithiasis. Stones in the bladder manifest in the form of swelling, scrotal hyperemia, urinary retention, general weakness. Occasionally bleeding from the genital organ can be observed.
- Inflammation of the Paraanal Glands. These glands are located under the skin on both sides of the anal sphincter. Sometimes they become clogged, causing inflammation. This process is transient, so the testes are often affected. The main symptoms are: anxiety, itching, fever, heavy odor, discharge from the anus. If the inflammation has passed to the testicles, they turn red, become swollen.
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Red testicles in dogs can also be the result of a sexually transmitted disease. The danger is that the symptoms may not manifest themselves for a long period of time; up to 8 months the pet may appear perfectly healthy. Gonorrhea is an inflammation of the urethra caused by intense reproduction of gonococci. Signs: scrotal hyperemia, swelling, urination pain. Herpes is one of those viral diseases whose symptoms do not manifest for a long time. Symptoms: ulcers and red spots on the genitals of the male dogs; Sarcomas – tumor-like neoplasms, looking like to cauliflower curds of bright red color. Occurs only in dogs, has symptoms of cancer, but without the possibility of metastasis. Genital diseases in a pet cannot be determined by the owner independently, therefore consultation with a veterinarian is absolutely imperative.
- Tumors. Benign and malignant neoplasms are the most dangerous causes of the condition. In addition to the redness of the genitals, a lump appears that can be easily palpated. The danger of tumors is in their long development, often asymptomatic in the first stages.
Diagnosis and Treatment
To determine a diagnosis, the veterinarian will collect anamnesis, conduct a checkup, take the body temperature, prescribe tests (blood, urine). If necessary, ultrasound diagnostics, taking biological material and other procedures may be recommended. Treatment depends on the cause of the disease:
- Allergy – elimination of the allergy-causing agent, hypoallergenic food, administration of antihistamines (Claritin, Tavegil, Suprastin, Diazolin), skin treatment (Stop itch spray).
- Bites – treatment of the scrotum with a solution of potassium permanganate, antihistamines.
- Prostatitis – antibacterial agents (Azithromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Trimetaprim), removal of the testes for senior dogs. Breeding males are administered with Finasteride.
- Urolithiasis – stone absorption (feed with sodium, for example, by Purina), antibiotics in the period of active development of infection, surgical operation if applicable.
- Inflammation of the paraanal glands – cleansing, Amoxicillin ointment, Ihtiol suppositories.
- There is no specific treatment for sexually transmitted diseases. Therapy can only be prescribed by the doctor.
- Sarcomas, cancer tumors – chemotherapy, radiation. Benign neoplasms and cysts are subjected to surgical removal.
If the dog has red scrotum, especially after neutering it is recommended to show it to the vet as soon as possible. Even though the cause is often harmless, some serious diseases can also be the triggers.