Spots on dog’s tongue are a common thing and it should not scare the owner. In 99% of cases this phenomenon is not dangerous and turns out to be natural. The general condition of the animal makes it possible to determine quite well whether there is any harm to the health of the pet from the pigmentation that has appeared. Most often dark spots on dog’s tongue appear, sometimes even black. This is quite normal and can be visible since the birth of the pet or occur in adults at any age. When determining if the dog matches the breed this phenomenon is not considered as a deviation from the standards, which is important for breeders that participate in exhibitions. Most often black spots on dog’s tongue appear in the representatives of the following breeds:
- German shepherd;
There can be a single spot or multiple spots.
Signs of Defective Spots
You can determine that the spots on the dog’s tongue are malignant tumors, can be understood on by a number of signs. Although, you cannot be 100% sure unless biochemistry of blood and biopsy of tissues is performed. The fact that the spot is dangerous can be determined by the following manifestations:
- reddish color of the spot;
- the spot’s color is similar to the one of rotten meat;
- when touching the place with changed color, the dog feels pain;
- noticeable disorders in eating and drinking;
- general malaise of the pet;
- the growth of spots;
- a wound appears on the spot.
If there is a cancer, urgent surgical treatment is required. After it, depending on the reasons for the growth of the tumor the course of hormonal or chemotherapy may be performed additionally.
When there Is No Reason to Worry?
Undangerous spots on dog’s tongue appear at any age as well as moles in humans. They do not cause discomfort, and the process of their formation goes unnoticed. The main place of their localization is the middle and root of the tongue, although it is impossible to completely exclude their appearance at the tip of the organ. The special pigmentation of the tongue of pet is mostly noticed by chance during the inspection of the pet’s oral cavity for another reason. The size and shape of the spots are very different.
Note!Puppies have such spots on the tongue which are similar to birthmarks in humans that persist for life. With age, they can become brighter or paler. Their size does not increase.
If there is a predisposition to the appearance of pigmentation, the number of spots on the tongue in dogs, as moles on the human body may increase during their lifetime. That is why the tongue may be almost completely painted black due to the fact that the individual spots merge together.
Photo of Dog’s with Spots on Tongue
White spots on dog’s tongue can occur due to a number of less common causes. They are mostly not dangerous.
- Papillomas. Appear because of the virus and rarely degenerate into cancer. They initially look like small white spots, which after a considerable period of time can become dark. Papillomas do not rise above the surrounding tissues and do not interfere with the animal. The large size of such formations is a rare phenomenon. The development of such spots, which can be not only in the tongue, but also in the palate and lips, begins at the time of the fall of immunity, when the virus is not constrained by the natural defenses of the body. After the restoration of the immune system spot-papillomas often disappear on their own. If they are very large and bring discomfort to the dog, surgical excision should be carried out.
- Traces of injuries. If the dog’s tongue was burned or seriously injured, then a dark spot often appear at the injured place, which is a scar with intense pigmentation. Its color is usually brown, but can be black. Such spots, if you touch them, are denser than the tongue. The dog does not feel discomfort when touching the spots. Gradually over time, these scars become lighter, and sometimes completely disappear. They do not need to be treated, as they are a natural process of tissue healing.
- Malocclusion. A similar phenomenon often occurs in dogs with a shortened upper jaw, when due to the features of its structure, the teeth of the animal permanently affect the tongue. This leads to its local irritation, and due to friction begins pigmentation change. Brownish spots occur. They do not differ by touch from the surrounding tissues and do not change with age. Spots are formed soon after the change of teeth and remain until age tooth loss of the dog.
Black spots on the tongue of the dog are not a pathology and do not threaten the life of the pet, so the owners should calmly respond to their appearance.