It is a frightening experience to see a beloved pet with a suddenly swollen neck. After all, this refers not only to the process of nutrition, but also to breathing, what else can be more important for life? In addition, taking into account the nature of any inflammatory process – namely, its ability to spread, the proximity to the affected area of the eyes, nose, ears, heart and brain does not give peace of mind. In order not to lose control of the situation, you need to understand what to expect in case of swollen neck on dog.
How to Distinguish Inflammation from Tumors?
Some organ or part of the body may increase in size due to hemorrhage, inflammation, scarring and tumors. In the presence of the latter, there is no swelling in the affected area. There is a pathological accumulation of cells, it can grow very quickly and reach frightening dimensions. However, the animal does not feel any pain for a long time, which is surprising. Of course, it feels some inconvenience from the fact that he has to wear an additional weight on the neck, and the tumor itself can also cling to objects around. There are cases when taken from the street dogs have huge benign tumors, literally hanging from their necks. A veterinary surgeon will just cut them out, preventing the situation from getting worse.
A malignant tumor is hard to the touch, often – mobile. It has a certain shape. You should not palpate it at home too actively, because very aggressive tumors are easily injured and respond to this with accelerated growth. In cases of surface localization, the animal does not feel pain and discomfort during the inspection. If it has inflamed tissue, there will be no clear shape and pronounced boundaries. The skin will be hot and soft to the touch. The pet will feel pain when be hurt pressing on the affected area. This is how to check why there is swollen neck on dog on one side.
Swelling and Inflammation
Upon detection of edema, you should first examine the pet for open wounds. At the site of bites and deep scratches suppuration can be formed. At that tissues are very inflamed. It’s very dangerous, especially around the neck. All wounds in dogs, even superficial ones, should be treated with chlorhexidine and diluted iodine solution. With severe injury, you may need the help of a veterinarian to clean and suture the wound, as well as for the proper administration of antibiotics.
It is quite a common situation when a dog has swollen neck after fight or closed trauma. This may be a blow, pinching or consequences of a tight collar. Then there are bruises and internal bleeding. During the inspection the animal is experiencing pain and avoids touching. Hidden injuries are even more dangerous than open wounds, because it is difficult to immediately assess the degree of damage. That is why you need to immediately contact the veterinarian, so as not to find that the animal was suffering from severe pain and it could be saved at the timely start of treatment.
Note!Neck edema may occur as one of the manifestations of allergies. Moreover, it may be angioedema, also known as angioedema quince. This is a dangerous allergic reaction in which the animal can no longer breathe. The most important thing in this case is to provide the pet with the first aid very quickly. Veterinarians will make injections instead of long-acting antihistamines in tablets.
Colds also cause swelling of the nasopharynx and larynx. You should not neglect viral disease in which the dog has swollen neck on one side. The pet has difficulties with breathing, is might have a fever, so it’s better to consult vet for fast and effective treatment. Moreover, a swollen neck may be a symptom of a completely different pathology that has not been previously diagnosed:
- liver disease, in which the level of albumin critically decreases;
- kidney disease, causing rapid loss of protein;
- heart failure;
- inflammation of the lymph nodes.
All these ailments may stay hidden for a long time and do not manifest themselves. Accordingly, the most optimal early stage for the start of treatment will already be missed. When tissues begin to swell noticeably, it means that the metabolic processes in the body are already disrupted. It will be a mistake to wait until such symptoms will pass themselves, believing that the reason is hot weather or drinking too much water.
When a dog has inflamed and swollen neck, of course, you need to examine it at home first. However, you should bring a pet to the vet as soon as possible. Swollen nasopharynx provokes breathing problems, not to mention the fact that if the swelling was caused by sepsis, the consequences can really be lethal. The cause of inflammation of the neck can be both allergies and colds or even pathology of internal secretion.