Experienced dog breeders will immediately say that the redness of the whites of eyes in the animal does not bode well. Rarely, this symptom can be caused by overwork or intense physical exertion. In most cases, the reason lies in injuries, infectious diseases and inflammatory processes that occur in the organs of vision. The age and breed of the pet is of great importance, since in some dogs, the white of the eyes has red blotches from birth. We are talking about bulldogs, pugs, sharpei and other breeds that have a predisposition to third century loss.
List of Possible Causes
According to statistics, this symptom is most often found in puppies and decorative breeds. Much attention is paid to accompanying signs that can suggest possible causes of reddening of proteins in the eyes of a dog:
- Injury. It is found in all breeds and at any age. According to statistics, it is injuries that can cause a change in the color of the protein in the eyes and provoke the appearance of purulent discharge. At the same time, spots or ulcers may form on the cornea. The pet can walk with a closed eye or squint it. Lacrimation and discharge are of particular importance. The dog can get hurt while playing, fighting, walking in the woods or long grass. In springtime, the cornea is often injured by plant seeds. The slightest injury should be examined by an ophthalmologist, since with corneal ulcers there is a high probability of infection and the onset of an inflammatory process. For minor injuries, antiseptic treatments (eye drops) and healing ointments are prescribed behind the eyelid. In severe cases, suturing of the cornea may be necessary. The removal of the organ of vision is resorted to only as a last resort, when there are no other options.
- Allergy. It can be considered, as an option, if the dog’s whites of eyes turn red during the spring-summer eye period or after switching to a new type of food. Lacrimation, itching (the animal constantly rubs its eyes with its paws) and sneezing are almost always present. It is very difficult to say exactly what can provoke such a reaction, even after carrying out diagnostic measures (taking an allergy test). This can be cat hair, house dust, flowering plants, switching to a new brand of food, introducing a new product into the diet, taking medications. In severe cases, the eyes can become very swollen and sour. It is very difficult to fight allergies, since even modern methods cannot identify a potential allergen with 100% certainty. Therefore, dogs prone to allergic reactions need special care, from the correct selection of food to avoiding contact with potentially hazardous substances. The owner’s first-aid kits should always contain antihistamines in order to localize a possible attack in time.
- Intracranial pressure. A common problem with dwarf breeds. But meningitis occurs in all breeds and in most cases is of infectious origin. Both of these diseases are united by the fact that because of them, the intracranial pressure rises in the dog. This, in turn, affects the dog, which reddens the whites of the eyes, cramps, drooling and pain in the cervical spine. To confirm the diagnosis, a number of procedures are performed, ranging from an MRI of the head to an analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid. The likelihood of lifelong treatment of the pet (usually dwarf breeds) cannot be ruled out.
- Neoplasms. The most dangerous cause of reddening of the whites in the eyes. A distinctive feature is an increase in one of the organs of vision, which is difficult to miss. In most cases, one eye appears to fall out of its orbit. In this case, no secretions or changes, except for the redness of the protein, are noted. This is an alarming symptom even for brachycephalic breeds. MRI of the head and radiography are required. Depending on the age of the animal, options with dental problems and malignant tumors are considered. Intraocular pressure is measured without fail. Malignant formations are usually diagnosed after 8 years. Whatever the stage, there is only one solution to the problem – complete removal of the eye with the capture of healthy tissues 1-2 cm. In the absence of metastases and early detection, the prognosis is cautious.
Finally, I would like to recall the prolapse of the Gardner’s gland, which occurs at any age. At risk are French and English Bulldogs. It can also cause redness of the whites in the eyes. The gland must be adjusted. If you resort to removal, then there is a high probability of life-long treatment for dry eye syndrome. We also recommend paying attention to ectopic eyelashes, which irritate and even injure the cornea of the eye, thereby causing the protein to redden and form ulcers. Here the problem can be solved only by removing the abnormally growing eyelash.