In most scenarios, wounds around the dog’s eyes are the result of an allergic reaction. This problem is especially acute in decorative breeds suffering from chronic allergic conjunctivitis.
Redness, puffiness and receding hairline under the eyes and on the eyebrows are usually present along with wounds. If the course of the process is complicated by itching, then you can see how the pet scratch its face with its paws, after which deep scratches occur.
Detailed Analysis of the Main Reasons
First of all, it should be remembered that wounds around the eyes of a dog may be a reaction to flea bites. Once the parasite option has been ruled out, the likelihood of injury (recent fighting or active play with other animals) and atopic dermatitis should be considered.
If the sores quickly increase in size, there is itching and weeping, then you need to look towards the fungal and bacterial lesions.
Unfortunately, it is difficult to guess by yourself for a long time and never figure out what causes these symptoms. Therefore, it is necessary not only to determine the reason, but also to carry out a number of diagnostic measures in order to exclude the following possible causes with help of veterinarian.
It manifests itself in different parts of the body with characteristic symptoms in the form of redness, peeling and swelling of the skin.
Sores around the dog’s eyes can be the result of scratching from the paws. Because along with visible symptoms, itching is almost always present, due to which animals tear themselves to sores. An it can become an entrance gate for a secondary infection.
A blood chemistry test can be done to determine a potential allergen. But, in most cases, the masters are faced with an allergy with an unexplained etiology. In such situations, symptomatic treatment with antihistamines and anti-inflammatory (stop itching) drugs is indicated.
If itching and redness do not go away for a long time, then they consider switching to a super premium medicated hypoallergenic food. This issue is especially relevant in dwarf breeds, in which most of the skin problems are associated precisely with improper nutrition.
A dog’s eye wounds may be injuries from play or from fights with other animals. Most often, these sores appear after scratches from the claws. If the eyelid is not touched and the cornea is not damaged, then the wounds can be treated with an antiseptic solution. This will be sufficient as minor injuries heal on their own within 2-5 days.
If your pet develops pus or severe itching, it is recommended that you immediately contact your veterinarian to rule out the possibility of bacterial damage.
Small bald patches in different parts of the body may indicate that the dog has lichen. Along with hair loss, the appearance of wet skin and a red rim around the lesion is also noted.
Lichen is most often localized in the muzzle, limbs and base of the tail. With lesions on the face, wounds may appear around the eyes, tips of the ears and chin. It is possible to exclude or confirm the presence of a fungal infection only with the help of a microscopic examination of wool taken from the lesions.
Additional methods are considered to be the glow of spots under a Wood’s fluorescent lamp (where fungal spores will glow green) and sowing (to determine the culture of the fungus). For treatment, drugs are usually used, which are combined with medicated shampoos.
We also do not forget about the treatment of premises with chlorine-containing antiseptics in order to exclude the likelihood of a relapse in the animal or infection of people living next to it.
Injury of One or Both Organs of Vision
Even slight damage to the lining of the eyelid or cornea is accompanied by severe lacrimation. If purulent discharge is present, then eyelashes and hair near the nose stick together. The dog rubs its muzzle with its paws, which causes wounds to appear around the eyes and wings. The reason may lie in conjunctivitis, blepharitis, keratitis, corneal ulcer or uveitis, which are characterized by the appearance of discharge from the eyes of a different nature.
The main thing is to prevent the complication of lesions by a bacterial infection. Otherwise, the animal can inflict irreparable harm on itself due to the terrible itching, forcing it to tear itself to blood.
Photo of Wounds Around the Dog’s Eyes
When sores appear near the eyes of a dog, it is also necessary to exclude the option with parasites, which can be a source of itching. That is why most veterinarians first carry out antiparasitic treatment, and then look towards other pathology. This is provided that there are no obvious signs of viral infections and eye injuries that provoke increased lacrimation and severe itching.